- Outpatient detoxication
- Inpatient care
- 5-day detoxication
- Fast detoxication in conditions of general anaesthesia
Detoxication in the direct sense of the word is achievement of the condition free from drugs. Detoxication from opiates also mean treatment for abstinent disorders inevitable when drug is not taken. It is important to understand that detoxication is not the treatment for narcotism. It is just the first but absolutely necessary step to escape from drug addiction.
We offer fast, painless and effective detoxication methods both outpatient and inpatient.
Treatment lasts 5-7 days on average. During this entire time patient stay at home, Family shall take part in the treatment controlling administration of medicines prescribed by doctor and state of the patient. 1-2 times a day patient shall visit clinics accompanied by any of his/her family members or close friends. In clinics the patient’s health is valued, and injections prescribed by doctor are administrated to his/her in order t prevent from abstinent effects. Patient and his/her family may contact the doctor in charge any time of the day.
We guarantee the patient will not feel any serious abstinent disorder (so-called breaking).
Attention: Outpatient-treated patient shall avoid any dangerous work (work with mechanisms, high-altitude works, etc.)
It is strongly prohibited to drive vehicles as medicines prescribed for abstinent symptom reduction invoke impaired co-ordination of movements and slow the reaction.
It is administrated in department of intensive care and reanimation. Patient is administrated with high doses of sedatives and abstinence reducing medicines. Practically, the entire time patient is in state of deep medication sleep.
Naltrexone therapy begins on the 3rd – 4th day. Abstinent manifestations are feebly marked or absent at all.
On the fifth day patient is administrated with a full dose (50 mg) of Naltrexone, or long-term effect Naltrexone medicine is implanted to.
After that Patient is discharged from the hospital.
This is the fastest and most comfortable way to achieve condition free from opiates. It is based on administration of medicines, which have effect of opiate antagonists, under certain method. These medicines penetrate nerve cells very fast and lead to intensive clearance of opiate receptors from heroin and other opiates.
Thus, detoxication process accelerates much and lasts 6-8 hours on average.
Description of the treatment:
Patient is hospitalised about 10 hours in advance to the treatment.
There are fulfilled required investigations (thorax x-ray, electrocardiogram, total blood analysis and biochemical blood analysis, urine analysis). Patient s prescribed for medication, which eases treatment and makes it safer.
Later, patient is administrated with medicines for general anaesthesia; patient falls asleep and is switched to artificial ventilation of lungs. All parameters of patient physical state (arterial blood pressure, pulse, cardiogram, temperature, blood oxygenation, carbon dioxide concentration in blood) are monitored.
According to special scheme patient is administrated with opiate antagonists, Naloxone and Naltrexone,
After detoxication is finished supply of general anaesthesia drugs is reduced and patient wakes up.
Naltrexone medicines are implanted at the end of the treatment. Patient stays at the department of intensive care for 10 – 18 hours after detoxication is finished. After that patient may be discharged from the hospital.
This method was described in details in 1988. From this time fast opiate detoxication is widely applied in many clinics.
Danger of fast opiate detoxication is associated often with harmful and dangerous effect of general anaesthesia. We are sure that modern general anaesthesia is absolutely safe procedure provided competent fulfilment. Nowadays, fast opiate detoxication is administrated to pregnant women and newborn children born by drug addict mothers. There are no available data about any complication in such cases. Our experience also evidences that no serious complication accompanies this treatment.
Most patients feel weakness, sleepiness. Some patients may feel slight pains in stomach and waist, passing diarrhoea. All these residual effects are treatable and pass during several days.